So why do we see Lord Shiva Present below the feet of Kāli Maa ? That is one of the Biggest Question someone asks of when he or she first time sees a statue of mother Kāli standing on Lord Shiva.
From time to time People of India and even People of Different faith have tried to answer this question .
Sometimes the answers are “philosophical”, some time’s the answers are “archaeological” , and sometimes the answers are “Mythological” .. But we should understand that all these are some what is a part of a single story , and here we will try to know that correct story from the various mythological and other references .
To begin with, every religious concept of any religion of the world can be described by Philosophy. for ex when we talk about Ramayana & Mahabharata (the oldest Known epic of Hinduism) we philosophically nutshell the entire concept by a single line i.e.
“Victory of Good over Evil”
and when we go a bit deep we can observe other concepts and as per our understanding we try to define it by philosophy. but what we should note is that every philosophical concept is based on a single story . for ex
1.) Why Lord Ram Killed Ravan ? well yes the concept is philosophically explained of wining of good over evil, but the exact answer is because Ravan Disrespected Lord Rama’s Wife , Mother Sita by imprisoning her.. That’s why lord Ram Attacked Ravan and ended his entire Kingdom (or mostly whoever entered the battle field).Similarly
2.) Why Lord Krishna ended his own maternal Uncle “Kansh” ?, yes the Philosophy remains the same but the exact answer is because Kansh wanted to Kill Lord Krishna from his birth and had captured his parents “Deveki & Vasudev Ji” .
So we can see that their is a fixed mythological story behind every concept which is explained by Philosophy. SO WHAT IS THE FIXED MYTHOLOGICAL STORY PRESENT BEHIND LORD SHIVA LYING BELOW THE FEET OF KĀLI MAA?
“THE MYTHOLOGICAL EXPLANATION” OF WHY IS LORD SHIVA PRESENT BELOW THE FEET OF MAA KĀLI”
1.) THE MYTHIC MYTHOLOGICAL ANSWER :- Now when we try to find a mythological Explanation the answer we will get is from a common story among people which goes like this.
In the Great battle of Maa Durga and Shumbh- Nishumbh , when the Demon Brothers sent Demon Chand-Mund to attack Maa Durga with a Large army then in Maa Durga got angry and her Eye- brows somewhat shrieked and Kāli Maa appeared. She ended the Demons and got the Title of “Chamunday” by Maa Durga ..
after the Death of Chand- Mund , Raktbeej came into battle field . he was a demon with boon that his single drop of blood if falls on ground will create countless clones of him ..
So Maa Durga asked Kāli Maa to contain all the blood of Raktbeej (It is to be noted that mother Kali was asked to contain the blood of Raktbeej by Maa Durga as it was the only method to stop the Demon Boon and out of all the other goddess present in the battle field only Kāli Maa was with the ability who can do that . And people normally ignore this point and say it is some thirst of blood but ‘except this’ till here the story is correct)
well to continue with the story Normally “people say” that Kāli maa got to angry and got out of control and started killing every one . To stop her, gods asked help from Lord Shiva who in response just went and lied down on the ground and when Kāli Maa stepped on him her tongue came out in embarrassment.
POINTS TO NOTE :-
“PEOPLE SAY AS SHE STEPPED ON HER HUSBAND SHE FELT EMBARRASSED AND SHE STOPPED AND HER TONGUE COMES OUT IN EMBARRASSMENT”.
QUESTION (PLEASE READ CAREFULLY) – WE ARE ASKING THESE QUESTIONS TO THOSE, WHO HAVE ALREADY READ OR HAVE HEARD THE STORY BEFORE OR HAVE WATCHED ON TV BEFORE AND BELIEVED IT BLINDLY WITHOUT RESEARCHING:-
1.) WHY IS KĀLI MAA CALLED THE WIFE OF SHIVA? (SHE JUST APPEARED FROM THE EYE-BROWS OF MAA DURGA ).
2.) WILL, THE GREAT LORD SHIVA WHO KNEW THE REASON WHY KĀLI MAA WAS FIGHTING THE BATTLE (I.E TO SAVE INNOCENTS), WILL DO SOMETHING WHICH COULD EMBARRASS THE GREAT WARRIOR MOTHER AND PROTECTOR ?
3.) WHY DID THE GODS WENT TO A LORD SHIVA ? WHY DIDN’T THEY FIRST APPROACH MAA DURGA WHO WAS PRESENT THEIR IN THE SAME BATTLE FIELD FIGHTING THE SAME WAR ? (FOR EXAMPLE :- IF A COMMANDER IN A WAR GOES OUT OF CONTROL WILL THE SOLDIERS IMMEDIATELY REPORT THIS TO THE PRESIDENT OR TO THE GENERAL OF THE ARMY)
THE ANSWER TO ALL ABOVE QUESTIONS IS –
“BECAUSE SUCH AN INCIDENT IN WHICH MOTHER KĀLI LOST HER TEMPER NEVER HAPPENED . YES THIS IS CORRECT, SUCH A THING – NEVER HAPPENED”
THINGS TO NOTE :-
- THE MYTHOLOGICAL STORY IS ORIGINALLY DESCRIBED FROM “DEVI MAHATMYA” WHICH IS A SUB- PART OF “MARKANDEYA PURAN” (THE REFERENCE IS THE GREATEST RESOURCE IN RESPECT OF SHAKTI SECT AND IT DOESN’T REPORT ANY SUCH INCIDENCE.) .
- THE STORY IS ALSO MENTIONED IN MANY HINDU MYTHOLOGICAL RESOURCES LIKE “SHIVA PURAN” & “DEVI BHAGWAT PURAN”, BUT ALL SAYS THE SAME THING THAT GODS WERE THANK FULL TO MOTHER KALI FOR ENDING THE GREAT DEMONS AND NO SUCH INCIDENT OF LOOSING TAMPER EVER HAPPENED.
IMAGE FROM ALL ABOVE STATED REF – (LEFT) SHIVA PURAN SECTION -UMA SAMHITACH -14 , (CENTER) DURGA SAPTASHATI CH 4 SEC-8 ENTITLED “RAKTBEEJ WADH”, (RIGHT) DEVI BHAGWATAM CH 5 (PANCHAM SKAND) SEC-16 ENTITLED “NISHUMBH AUR SHUMBH KA NIDHAN” – ALL SAYING THE SAME THING THEIR WAS NO SUCH INCIDENT EVER REPORTED . (TO VIEW THE IMAGE CLEARLY RIGHT CLICK AND OPEN IMAGE IN A NEW TAB FOR CLEAR VIEW AND IF STILL HAVE DOUBT READ THE REFERENCE YOUR OWN SELF)
Even in an article of “TIMES OF INDIA” entitled ” Kali and her tongue “ dated 12 Dec 2011 by Devdutt Pattanaik ji . He wrote and we quote
” This is considered a patriarchal interpretation that became popular in the 19th century“.
SO NO SUCH THING OF UNCONTROLLED RAGE IS EVER HAPPENED.
So if this is not the correct mythological answer then the question remains the same “why is Lord Shiva present below the feet of Kali Maa? “
2.) THE CORRECT MYTHOLOGICAL ANSWER :-
In our research to find the correct answer we read different reference and finally Maa Kali showed us the way . The answer was found in Two different Reference : One Tantrik and other Pauranik both saying the same thing .
As we mostly try to give Pauranik Reference preference but in this case to see a complete picture we have to go through the tantrik references first .
The name of the Tantrik Reference is “YOGINI TANTRA”. The reference is really old and belongs to the same time line when purans were written. (PLEASE NOTE:-THE DETAILS AND OTHER ASPECTS OF THE REFERENCE ARE DESCRIBED IN ANOTHER TAB OF THE WEBSITE)
1.) “MYTHOLOGICAL CORRECT ANSWER FROM YOGANI TANTRA” OF WHY IS LORD SHIVA PRESENT BELOW THE FEET OF KALI MAA?
In Yogani Tantra Section 8 :- who is Mahakali is been told ( you can read all about Mahakali in our other website tab ) here Mata Mahakali is seen as the great mother who created and assigned the Role to the Three Gods – i,e. Brahma is told to be the creator as “He knows all the Shastra”. Lord Vishnu is told to be the protector as “He has the knowledge of Dharma” and Lord Shiva is told to be the destroyer as “He is the greatest yogi and the “agam”(अगम ) of all and devoid of Maya” .
IT IS LATER SAID THAT SHIVA AND THE THREE GODS WORSHIPED THE MOTHER GODDESS “MAHAKALI” . BUT LORD SHIVA WAS THE ONE WHO WORSHIPED HER FOR FIVE CRORE (50 million) YEARS . AND MOTHER MAHAKALI WAS PLEASED BY HIS DEVOTION SO SHE ASKED HIM WHAT DOES HE WISH FOR ?
TO WHICH HE (LORD SHIVA) ANSWERED ,
“HE JUST WANTED A PLACE BELOW HER FEET.”
MOTHER MAHAKALI SAID “THEIR WILL BE A TIME WHEN A CRORE PART (10 million part) OF LORD SHIVA WILL TAKE A BIRTH TO A DEMONESS NAMED “MAHESHI” AND THE NAME OF THAT ASUR INCARNATION OF LORD SHIVA WILL BE “MAHISHASUR” .
THEN SHE WILL TAKE AN AVATAR OF ‘BHADRAKALI’ AND THEN SHE WILL GIVE LORD SHIVA HIS PLACE BELOW HER FEET BY PUTTING THE THUMB OF LEFT FOOT ON HIM.
Now this is one half of the story where “Lord Shiva is awarded a boon of devotion by his mother Mahakali.” The other detailed half is mentioned in a puran called “KALIKA PURAN”
2.) “MYTHOLOGICAL CORRECT ANSWER FROM KALIKA PURAN” OF WHY IS LORD SHIVA PRESENT BELOW THE FEET OF KALI MAA?
Well we know one half of the story . The second is written in “Kalika Puran” which is mainly focused on three stories :-
1.) Lord Shiva Marriage with Mother Sati , The daughter of King Daksh and factors involving her Death.
2.) Lord Shiva Marriage with Mother Parvati , The daughter of King Himalaya. (This also includes the death of “Kamdeva” and why Mother Parvati is also called as “Kali” by her father King Himalaya)
3.) Story of The Demon Mahishasur and what he saw in his dream.
These are the three major aspects Kalika puran actually deals with, and no section ever involved mention of the “Pauranik Kali avatar (the term is coined from Kalika puran) and this same avatar is also called as “ardh- kali” by Kali Tantra” who appeared from Maa Durga’s Eye Brows). Well the last POINT is connected with our answer .
In Kalika puran their is a section called “Mahishasura Upakhyan” .
Here along with other stories and methods of worship The story which appears connected from the yogani tantra is being described . The Respected Mythological Story Goes like as follows :
MAHAISHASUR SAW A DREAM ONCE THAT HE DIED BY THE HANDS OF MOTHER KALI. SO HE STOOD UP KNOWING IT IS A SIGN AND HE STARTED WORSHIPING MOTHER BHADRAKALI . PLEASED BY HIS PRAYERS MOTHER BHADRAKALI APPEARED.
THE GODDESS WAS IN A SIXTEEN ARMED FORM. ON SEEING THE UNIVERSAL MOTHER MAHISHASUR GREETED HER AND WORSHIPED HER WITH UTMOST DEVOTION. AND THEN HE SAID – THAT HE KNOWS HE WILL CERTAINLY DIE BY HER HANDS AND HE HAS NO COMPLAINTS ABOUT THIS , HE IS SATISFIED AS HE HAVE ACHIEVED THE POSITION OF LORD INDRA.
HE FURTHER SAID THAT HIS DEATH IS INEVITABLE AS IS A RESULT OF “A CURSE” OF RISHI KATYAYAN. WHICH THE GREAT SAINT (RISHI) GAVE TO MAHISHASUR AS HE DISTURBED A STUDENT OF RISHI KATYAYAN. THE NAME OF THE STUDENT WAS “RODRASHAVA”. MAHISHASUR DISTURBED HIS TAAP BY ACQUIRING A FEMALE FORM .
SO HIS CURSE WAS THAT AS HE USED A FEMALE APPEARANCE TO DISTURB THE SAGE STUDENT, HE (THE DEMON MAHISHASUR) WILL DIE BY THE HANDS OF A FEMALE. AFTER TELLING HIS STORY HE STARTED WORSHIPING HER.
MOTHER BHADRAKALI WAS PLEASE BY HIS WORSHIP MOTHER BHADRAKALI ASKED HIM OF WHAT HE WANTS .
TO WHICH MAHISHASUR SAID – “O MOTHER IF YOU ARE REALLY PLEASED WITH MY PRAYERS , PLEASE GIVE ME TWO BOON :-
1.) I WANT THE PART OF YAGYA POOJA &
2.) TILL THE TIME SURYA DEVA EXIST I WANT A POSITION BY THE SIDE OF YOUR FEET . I DONT WANT TO LEAVE THE SERVICE OF YOUR FEET.
IF YOUR ARE PLEASED WITH ME PLEASE AWARD ME THESE TWO BLESSINGS.
On hearing his request Mother Bhadrakali Said :
O DEMON LISTEN TO MY WORDS . AS ALL THE PARTS OF YAGYA IS ALREADY GIVEN TO THE GODS , I CANNOT GIVE YOU ANY PART OF THE YAGYA RIGHT NOW , BUT WHEN YOU DIE BY MY HANDS YOU WILL NEVER LEAVE THE SIDE OF MY FEET . AND YOUR BODY WILL GET THE PART OF POOJA BY THE TOUCH OF MY FEET. (THIS MEANS THE GREAT MOTHER PROMISED A PART OF HER SHARE OF THE POOJA TO HIM)
On hearing the words of the “Goddess Mahishasur” felt proud as the morning came.
MAHISHASUR FURTHER SAID : “O UGRACHANDA, O BHADRAKALI, O DURGA, O DEVI”, I BOW TO YOU. Then He asked “O MOTHER IN WHAT FORM OF YOURS I WILL BE REMEMBERED BELOW YOUR FEET”.
TO WHICH BHADRAKALI STATED : “O DEMON THE FORM YOU JUST MENTIONED, WITH ALL THAT FORM YOU WILL ALWAYS BE WORSHIPED BELOW MY FEET “.
SHE FUTHER TOLD MAHISHASUR THAT IN HIS FIRST BIRTH (WHEN HE WAS REALLY CURSED) HE DIED BY THE HANDS OF MAA UGRACHANDA , IN HIS SECOND AND PREVIOUS BIRTH HE DIED BY HER HANDS AS BHADRAKALI AND IN HIS CURRENT BIRTH (THIRD BIRTH) HE WILL DIE BY THE HANDS OF HER INCARNATION MAA DURGA.
AFTER THAT SHE SHOWED HOW THE MAHISHASUR WAS PREVIOUSLY ENDED BY HER AND HER UGRACHANDA FORM. SEEING HIS ENDING FROM PREVIOUS TWO BIRTH WHERE HIS BODY WAS BE HEADED PRESENT BELOW HER FEET AND HEAD PRESENT IN HER HANDS .
MAHASHASUR GOT SACRED BY UNDERSTANDING THAT THE SAME WILL BE GOING TO HAPPEN SOON. BUT SUDDENLY HE REALIZED THAT THE GREAT MOTHER OF SALVATION IS STANDING RIGHT BEFORE HIM. SO HE AGAIN STARTED WORSHIPING HER AND THEN HE SAID – “O MOTHER IF YOU ARE REALLY HAPPY WITH ME AND YOU ARE TO SHARE YOUR YAGYA PART WITH ME. THEN PLEASE GRANT ME SALVATION . I DONT WANT TO TAKE ANY REBIRTH AND PLEASE DONT BE-HEAD ME THIS TIME””
and Mother Bhadrakali Granted His wish of Salvation ..
NOW how the two stories are connected ? .. The Puran Further Goes on Telling that
THE PURAN FURTHER SAYS THAT WHEN DEMON RAMBH (WHO WAS THE FATHER OF MAHISHASUR) WORSHIPED LORD SHIVA , AND REQUESTED LORD SHIVA THAT HE SEEKS A BOON THAT LORD SHIVA WILL TAKE BIRTH AS HIS SON FOR ALL GENERATIONS AND REBIRTH’S .
LORD SHIVA AWARDED THE BOON THAT HE WILL TAKE BIRTH AS RAMBH SON FOR ALL GENERATIONS . RAMBH LATER MARRIED DEMONESS MAHESHIE . (THE NAME OF THIS DEMONESS IS BEEN EARLIER DESCRIBED IN YOGANI TANTRA .) AND LORD SHIVA TOOK AN ASUR INCARNATION WHO BECAME FAMOUS BY THE NAME – “MAHISHASUR”.
WHEN MAHISHASUR GOT CURSED BY RISHI KATYAAYAN THEN LORD SHIVA WENT TO MOTHER BHADRAKALI . AND SAID – “O DEVI ! MAHISHASUR IS NOW CURSED BY KATYAAN ” THE WORDS OF THE RISHI WILL SURE BE TRUE . AND THIS ACT CAN ONLY BE DONE BY YOU . THIS DEMON BODY IS MY INCARNATION.
THE LION WHO IS IN THE FORM OF LORD VISHNU CANNOT FURTHER BEAR YOUR WEIGHT , INSTEAD PLEASE TAKE THIS BULL BODY OF MY INCARNATION . THIS WILL BEAR YOUR WEIGHT ..”
SO NOW WE SEE THE ANSWER WHY MAHISHASUR IS STILL PRESENT BELOW THE FEET OF MOTHER DURGA .. AND WHY LORD SHIVA CORPUS IS STILL PRESENT BELOW THE FEET OF BHADRA KALI MAA..
COMBINING BOTH THE ABOVE MYTHOLOGICAL CONCEPTS ONE CAN SAY THAT “LORD SHIVA TOOK THE AVATAR OF MAHISHASUR SO THAT HE CAN GET A PLACE BELOW THE FEET OF MATA MAHAKALI, HIS MOTHER “ …
SO YOU CAN SEE THE ANSWER WHY SHIVA AND SHIVA’S ANSH “MAHISHASUR” ARE PRESENT BELOW THE FEET OF MAA DURGA AND MAA KALI..
****जय जय काली माँ ****
“Jai Kali Maa”
(PLEASE NOTE :- we are researching the great ancient text and other resources to know more about Mata Mahakali and with our concrete evidences we will update this web-page, as we proceed further in our study ..
Please Support Us By Sharing The Correct Understanding about Maa Kali . People Now a Days thinks That She is the Goddess of Destruction, and this false Idea is started to accumulate in the Minds of modern civilization. People Now a days Have just Forgotten of the correct Understanding of Her .
Our effort here is Just to explain that she is Not The Goddess of Destruction , She is The Mother of all Creation , She is A Protector , She is a Mother . So Please Promote the Correct Understanding by telling others the correct understanding of Mata Maha Kali .
*** “May the Divine Mother Kali endow us with Her Motherly Love and Wisdom.” ***
AS WE RESEARCH FURTHER WILL UPDATE THE CONTENT AS SOON AS POSSIBLE AND WITH TRUE EVIDENCE …. )